Financial assets include AktienStockThy is a stock? A person holding shares in a company is called a shareholder and has the right to claim a portion of the company`s residual assets and income (if the company is dissolved). The terms “equities,” “equities” and “equity” are used interchangeably, bonds, market indices, interest rates An interest rate refers to the amount a lender withdraws from a borrower for any type of bond, usually expressed as a percentage of capital, currencies, etc. They are considered homogeneous securities traded in well-organized and centralized markets. Futures and futures contracts (more commonly known as futures and forwards) are contracts used by companies and investors to hedge fund strategies. Hedge fund strategies are used against risk or speculation through private investment partnerships between a fund manager and investors. Futures and forwards are examples of derivative assets that generate their values from core assets. Both contracts are based on blocking a specific price for a given asset, but there are differences between them. The futures contract is an agreement between the buyer and the seller to trade an asset at a later date. The price of the asset is determined when the contract is established. Futures contracts have a settlement date – they will all be settled at the end of the contract. In this part, we will now introduce appointment contracts and interest bonuses.
These two contracts now allow you to lock in interest rates for loans at future time intervals. The rate you are blocking today is what is called the outpost rate. In the case of maturity and in the case of interest rate futures, it is called the forward rate. We will get forward rates and forward payments. Forward Rate Agreement FRA on the t calendar date is indicated by a future period (T-0, T-1) with lengths that we will describe by δ, a fixed K set and a fictitious N. In the case of T-1, the holder of the advance rate agreement pays a fixed K rate on the nominal price and in turn receives the variable interest rate on face value. This is called floating, because this rate is only known in the future T-0. This advance rate agreement allows you to lock in a fixed rate for the future period (T-0, T-1) today. Suppose you know that you are going to borrow with N fictitious at the time T-0) Depending on the market conditions that prevailed at the time, you had to repay the loan with the single price L (T-0, T-1). Assuming you don`t like the uncertainty of this interest rate cash flow today and instead want to trap a K rate that is set today and that you will pay for that loan. Keeping this forward rate deal does just that.
Remember that you have to pay the fixed sentence K and you get the floating. As you can see now, suspended payments are simply cancelled. And in fact, what you pay for is the K sentence. Of course, the question that arises is what is a fair firm price K, which you will fix today in light of market information, which are all zero coupon to t bond prices.