Serbia Kosovo Agreement 2013

“This agreement is de jure the legal recognition of Serbia, which will pave the way for Kosovo`s accession to international organizations,” Kosovar Prime Minister Hashim Thaci, who led a guerrilla uprising against Milosevic`s troops in 1998-1999, told reporters. The Serbian National Assembly did not treat the agreement as international and did not ratify it into a binding law, which is a necessary procedure for international agreements in Serbia. [21] However, it only accepted the government report on “the process of political and technical dialogue with the temporary institutions of Pristina, under the aegis of the EU, including the process of implementing the agreements reached”. [22] The Constitutional Court of Belgrade did not respond to the question of the constitutionality of the agreement and stated in December 2014[23] that the issue raised was political and not legal. The process that helped make this agreement possible began ten years ago at a summit in Thessaloniki. Representatives of the EU and the Western Balkans said that the future of the countries in the region would be owned by the EU. Today, this promise is the most powerful political instrument used by the EU in the region. Paragraphs 1 to 6 concern the establishment, scope and functions of a proposed community of Serbian communes. Paragraphs 7 to 9 concern police and security structures and provide for the organization of a police unit for the whole of Kosovo, including its northern parts, known as the “Kosovo Police”. Paragraph 11 provides that local elections are held throughout Kosovo in accordance with Kosovo law.

Paragraph 12 provides for an implementation plan and sets a date (to date) for the completion of the plan. Paragraph 13 contains a commitment to intensify discussions on energy and telecommunications. Paragraph 14 states that “neither side will block the other side`s progress on their respective EU trajectories or encourage others to block them.” Paragraph 15 provides for the creation of an enforcement committee with the EU. Under the Brussels agreement, meetings are held regularly to ensure the implementation of provisions in various areas. An agreement on justice was reached in February 2015, followed by agreements on energy and telecommunications operators. On 25 August 2015, an agreement was reached for the creation of the Serbian Community Association, which is at the heart of the Brussels agreement. The statutes have yet to be drawn up. The draft agreement provides that the local Serb community will elect local police commanders, while the composition of the police will reflect the local ethnic structure. The project also proposes a greater number of judges from the Serb minority. The result was a 15-point “First Standardization Agreement in Principle,” signed on April 19, 2013, but unsigned.

[7] Under the agreement, local authorities in the predominantly Serb north will retain autonomy on issues such as health care and education. In exchange, the police and courts will enforce the laws of Kosovo`s central government. Serbian communities will be able to appoint a regional police chief. The very title of the agreement is misleading: supposedly on the “normalization of relations”, the first twelve points of the fifteen points of the agreement are rather on the management of the northern region of Kosovo controlled by the heir.

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