Security eligibility criteria could include type of investment, issuer, currency, home, credit quality, maturity, index, size of issues, average daily trading volume, etc. Both the lender (repo-buyer) and the cash borrower (pension seller) close these transactions in order to avoid the administrative burden of bilateral deposits. In addition, because the security is held by an agent, the counterparty risk is reduced. A tripartite pension can be considered the result of “law rest due.” A billing service payable is a repo in which the guarantee is retained by the cash borrower and not delivered to the cash provider. There is an element of increased risk in relation to the tripartite pension as collateral on a billing bank payable, which is held on a customer deposit with the Cash Borrower and not in a security account with a neutral third party. In 2008, attention was drawn to a form known as Repo 105 after the Collapse of Lehman, since Repo 105s would have been used as an accounting ploy to mask the deterioration of Lehman`s financial health. Another controversial form of buyback order is the “internal repo,” which was first highlighted in 2005. In 2011, it was proposed that, in order to finance risky transactions on European government bonds, Rest could have been the mechanism by which MF Global endangered several hundred million dollars of client funds before its bankruptcy in October 2011. Much of the deposit guarantee is obtained through the re-library of other customer security.   In a repo, the investor/lender provides cash to a borrower, the loan being secured by the borrower`s guarantees, usually bonds. If the borrower becomes insolvent, the guarantee is granted to the investor/lender. Investors are generally financial enterprises such as money funds, while borrowers are non-intrusive financial institutions, such as investment banks and hedge funds.
The investor/lender calculates an interest rate called “pension rate” $X the granting of loans and recovers a higher amount $Y. In addition, the investor/lender may demand guarantees that require a value greater than the amount he lends. This difference is the “haircut.” These concepts are illustrated in the diagram and in the equations section. If investors are at greater risk, they may charge higher pension interest rates and demand higher reductions. A third party may be involved to facilitate the transaction; In this case, the transaction is called a “tri-party deposit.”  From the buyer`s point of view, a reverse repot is simply the same buyout contract, not the seller`s. Therefore, the seller executing the transaction would call it a “repo,” whereas in the same transaction, the buyer would refer to it as a “reverse repo.” “Repo” and “Reverse repo” are therefore exactly the same type of transaction that is described only from opposite angles.